Ancient Maritime World VI
International Workshop / Summer School 2023
In Odysseus' Home Waters
The Ionian Sea and the Gulf of Corinth between Isthmos, Elis and Actium
from/to Lefkada – Sept 09th–30th
This year's event leads from Lefkada to the Ionian Sea and the Gulf of Corinth between Isthmos, Elis and Actium. Since early Archaic times, this region has been a core area of maritime routes first of the Greek, later of the Greco-Roman world. The main route led via the Isthmos, the Corinthian Gulf and along the Epirotic coast to the colonies in Magna Graecia and further west.
It is hardly a coincidence that Ithaca as Odysseus' home island is located in this region, as the adventures of Odysseus and nautical adversities he experienced in the Mediterranean reflect what many Greek – and Phoenician – seafarers of the early ancient times experienced in particular in the central and western Mediterranean Sea: Voyages into a world that was still largely unknown and nautical challenges that could clearly lead beyond what was generally known in the Greeks' original home sea, the Aegean.
For the emerging Greek world, the central location of the Corinthian Gulf and the neighbouring Ionian Sea is very well illustrated by the fact that all four sites of the great Panhellenic Games – Olympia, Delphi, Isthmos and Nemea – are located in this region and could thus be well reached by sea from all parts of the Greek world.
With the increasing Roman dominance in the eastern Mediterranean, this region continued to retain its great importance as a maritime hub, although the increasing globalisation of the Mediterranean world made navigation along the southern Peloponnese more frequent. In any case, the flourishing Roman colonies of Patras and Corinth are evidence of the continued high importance of the Corinthian Gulf and the adjacent Ionian Sea, even in the Roman-dominated period up to later antiquity.
Previous knowledge of sailing – although beneficial – is not required. On board, participation as well as teamwork is expected. Accommodation is on board the yacht. The number of participants is limited by the size of the two yachts. Participation costs are the pro rata yacht charter and insurence. Itinerary to/from Lefkada is not included. The final route will depend on current wind conditions.
Topics and places e.g.:
Odysseus' Maritime Adventures – Ithaca: Home of Odysseus – Archaic Corinth: A Commercial Metropolis – Isthmos of Corinth: Diolkos and Ancient Canal Building – Kenchrëai and Lechaion: Corinth's Ports for the Hellenic World – Corinth's Colonies and the Route to the West – Panhellenic Centres: Olympia, Delphi, Isthmia, Nemea – The Peloponnesian War in the Gulf of Corinth and Ionian Sea – Helike and the Tsunami of 373 BC – The Achaian Koinon: Regional Confederation and Hellenistic Major Power – Pyrrhos, Epiros and the Gulf of Ambrakia – The Sieges of Cephallenia and Ambrakia: Rome's Control of Maritime Routes – Patras and Corinth as Roman Colonies – The Battle of Actium 31 BC – The Battle of Lepranto 1571: Holy League versus Ottoman Empire – Venice and the Ionian Sea – The Myth of Mesolongi, Lord Byron and the Greek Struggle for Freedom.
Please note: Travel by sailing yacht offers a wide range of experiences and insights into the maritime world. It does not offer the comfort of a cruise trip and means living under simple conditions in a confined space. Participation can therefore mean getting out of one's comfort zone – mentally and physically.